Wheat (Triticum spp.) belongs to the Poaceae family and it is a cereal grain originally from the Levant region (Eastern Mediterranean region) but now cultivated worldwide. In 2016, world production of wheat was 749 million tonnes. The most cultivated varieties are: Triticum durum and T. aestivum, which it is called Common wheat and also known as bread wheat and the most widely grown of all crops.

The winter wheat growth is divided into different stages or phases: Tillering, Stem extension, Heading and Ripening. The critical periods of water requirement from wheat are the development of the spike stage, flowering and the beginning of the grain formation stage.

Climate. It adapts to a great variety of climates, zones with a fresh and humid growth season followed by another one warm and dry in ripening.

SoilHigher yields in clay-loam or clay soils with calcium, with good absorbent power, not very aerated but with good drainage.

pH. The most suitable pH is between 5.5 and 7 but it might tolerate higher pH.

Nutritional requirements

N P2O5 K2O CaO MgO S
Nutritional requirements Grain + straw 28-40 9-15 20-35 5-7 3.5-5 5.2



Wheat sensitivities to micronutrient deficiencies

New varieties, more demanding crops, and new cultivation techniques make plants more dependent on the contribution of these micronutrients. The optimum quality of agricultural products is related to the optimal nutrition in micronutrients and also in magnesium and sulfur.

Micronutrients Micronutrients
B Cu Fe Mn Zn
Low High Low High Low





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Foliar recommendations

Foliar fertilization is the fastest and most effective method to supplement and enrich plant nutrition and to correct nutritional deficiencies when needed. This contributes significantly to higher and better quality productions.

Determine safe foliar application rate:

To verify the safe rate under local conditions, it is advisable to spray recommended rate on a few plants. After 3-4 days check the tested plants for scorching symptoms.

In order to produce higher and better quality yields wheat needs a high amount of Nitrogen. Foliar application provides the possibility of correcting the amount of Nitrogen to reach this level.

Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, Copper, Zinc and Manganese are also applied via foliar. Lima Europe has a wide range of foliar fertilizers and special products for foliar application.


Wheat fertilizer program

Gel Starter 16-69-16+TE

Gel Vegetative 27-27-27+3MgO+TE

Gel Fruit 18-11-59+2MgO+TE

Grogreen Calciphos: 2-4 kg/ha 

Manganese E-13: 1 kg/ha 

Gromix ME or MS: 1 kg/ha

  • In order to increase the quality and stimulation of the protein synthesis inside grains apply Foliar Gel Vegetative or Foliar Gel Fruit. 
  • In order to correct the amount of Nitrogen or P deficiency apply Calciphos or Foliar Gel Starter.
  • In order to promote crop growth apply Foliar Gel Vegetative.
  • In order to prevent from drought stress apply Foliar Gel Fruit.